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#35961530   2022/08/09 To Up

Juvenile Exposure and Adult Risk Assessment with Single versus Repeated Exposure of Melphalan in the Germ Cells of Male SD Rat: Deciphering the Molecular Mechanisms.

Melphalan significantly contributes to the increase in childhood cancer survival rate. It acts as a gonadotoxic agent and leads to testes damage, dysbalance in gonadal hormones, and impairment in the germ cell proliferation. Therefore, it might be a potent threat to male fertility in individuals who have undergone melphalan treatment during childhood cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of melphalan-induced gonadal damage are not yet fully explored and they need to be investigated to determine the benefit-risk profile. In the present study, juvenile male SD rats were subjected to single and intermittent cycles of melphalan exposure in a dose-dependent (0.375, 0.75 and 1.5mg/kg) manner. Methods of end-points evaluations were quantification of micronuclei formation in peripheral blood, sperm count, sperm motility and head morphology, sperm and testicular DNA damage, histological studies in testes, oxidative/nitrosative stress parameters. A single cycle of exposure at high dose (1.5mg/kg) produced significant effect on micronuclei formation only after the first week of exposure, whereas failed to produce significant effect at the end of the sixth week. Intermittent cycles of exposure at the dose of 1.5mg/kg produced significant alterations in all the parameters (micronuclei in peripheral blood, testes and epididymides weight and length, MDA, GSH and nitrite levels, sperm count and motility, sperm head morphology, testicular and sperm DNA damage, protein expression in testes and histological parameters). So, time of exposure as well as the amount of exposure (total dosage administered) is critical in determining the magnitude of the damage in germ cell risk assessment.
Archna Panghal, Chittaranjan Sahu, Shivani Singla, Gopabandhu Jena

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